1989 National Evaluation of the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP)

In 1990, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored a comprehensive evaluation of its Weatherization Assistance Program, the nation’s largest residential energy conservation program. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) managed the evaluation, which was based mainly on data collected from the 1989 Program Year (PY) and supplemented by data from 1991-1992.

The evaluation concluded that the Program was meeting the objective of its enabling legislation and fulfilling its mission statement. Specifically, the Program was found to save energy, lower fuel bills, and improve the health and safety of dwellings occupied by low-income people. In addition, the evaluation demonstrated that the Program was achieving its mission in a cost-effective manner. The evaluation estimated that the investments made in 1989 would, over a 20-year lifetime, save the equivalent of 12 million barrels of oil, roughly the amount of oil added to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve in each of the years in the early 1990s.

A total of 12 reports document the overall evaluation and the various studies that comprised the evaluation. Links to these reports are provided below along with other materials that summarize the reports, the data collected under the evaluation, or the data collection surveys used by the various studies.


Summary of Final Reports

Data Collection Summary by Organization Impacted

Summary List of Data Collection Surveys

Data Collection Surveys

Abstracts of Final Reports (7 of the 12 reports)

Final Reports:

  1. Weatherization Works:
    Final Report of the National Weatherization Evaluation

     
  2. Weatherization Works:
    An Interim Report of the National Weatherization Evaluation

     
  3. Scope of the Weatherization Assistance Program:
    The Weatherized Population and the Resource Base

     
  4. The Scope of the Weatherization Assistance Program:
    Profile of the Population in Need

     
  5. Utility Investments in Low-Income Energy Efficiency Programs
     
  6. Characterization of the Weatherization Assistance Program Network
     
  7. National Impacts of the Weatherization Assistance Program in Single-Family and Small Multifamily Dwellings
     
  8. Patterns of Impact in the Weatherization Assistance Program:
    A Closer Look

     
  9. Keys to Success:
    Ten Case Studies of Effective Weatherization Programs

     
  10. Impacts of the Weatherization Assistance Program in Fuel-Oil Heated Houses
     
  11. Description of the Weatherization Assistance Program in Larger Multifamily Buildings for Program Year 1989
     
  12. Five Case Studies of Multifamily Weatherization Programs

Contact: Mark Ternes